About Kolhapur

Kolhapur is mentioned in the Devi Gita, the final and key chapter of the Devi-Bhagavata Purana, a special text of Shaktism. Kolhapur is noted as a place of Kollamma worship.

Brief History About Kolhapur City

While the states of Gwalior, Indore, and Baroda are the residue of the great Maratha military expansion of the eighteenth century, Kolhapur is the last trace of the founding father of Maratha power, the seventeenth- century warrior, Shivaji. He died in 1680 A. D. after pushing the Moghuls out of western India and beginning the process of Moghul decline. But when he died, the Moghuls were still strong enough to take their revenge on his successors.

The Moghul armies hemmed the Maratha forces into the mountainous fringe of the western Deccan and stood by while Shivaji’s powerful state was riven by internal disputes. Shivaji had left no clear successor and for thirty years after his death two separate lines of descent, goaded by ambitious queens of and courtiers, fought for precedence. Eventually, in 1710, the two parties managed to establish a shaky territorial boundary between their possessions. The line descending from Shivaji’s elder son settled its capital at Satara, took the northern Maratha country, and acquired the right to expand to the north. Yet in Satara the princely family was soon forced into the backseat: the hereditary minister, the Peshwa, took over the reins of power, and his generals forged out to the north and formed the princedoms.

Meanwhile, the line descending from Shivaji’s younger son took the southern territories and the right to expand to the south. They settled in Panhala, amid the craggy peaks and deep valleys of the Western Ghats, and later transferred their capital to the ancient city and trading capital of Kolhapur. The southern frontier turned out to be less profitable than the northern one. While Satara armies, which started raiding north from the Maratha country in the early eighteenth century, found that the remnants of Moghul grandees and Rajput princes were easy pickings, the Kolhapur armies faced other powerful emergent princes in the south – the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Mysore armies of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, and the Moghul warmonger, Zulfikar Khan.

The Kolhapur forces more or less confined to their mountain retreat, occasionally harassed by Moghul armies, and reduced to snapping at the heels of their more expensive cousins from Satara. Against this rather unhappy background the princely line of Kolhapur turned into a dynastic disaster. Time and time again the Kolhapur prince failed to produce an heir, or died when the heir was only a few years old. Sometimes it was the toll of war, which brought about this unfortunate state of affairs, but sometimes it was a streak of insanity, which dogged the family; and sometimes just an inability to survive to any great age in the dark fortresses amid the sticky sub-tropical forests of Western Ghats. Each time the failure to provide a clean succession created an opportunity for rivalries, ambitions and debilitating succession disputes.

In the early nineteenth century, Kolhapur was just as uneasy under British control as were the other Maratha states of Gwalior and Indore. At first the British tried to settle the state by force. Company troops invaded in the 1820s, again in the 1840s when the outlying areas of the state rose in revolt; and in 1857 the Kolhapur troops mutinied. After the Mutiny, however, the British guardians changed their tactics and decided to use the books rather than the gun to bring Kolhapur to heel. This strategy had its own difficulties because of the mortality rate of the Kolhapur heirs.

The British invested great care and attention in the education of two Kolhapur heirs, who, before they could ascend the throne and emerge from their British-made chrysalis as `model rulers’ were gathered to their forefathers. It was not until Shahu Chhatrapati ascended the throne in 1894 that the policy finally paid off. Under Shahu and later under his son Rajaram, Kolhapur acquired the social reforms and public buildings, which the British so liked to see in the ‘Native’ states. Moreover, Kolhapur became renowned as a center of outdoor sports, notably the exotic business of pig-sticking; and an extraordinary form of hunting deer:

Kolhapur Today

 

Kolhapur has been long discussed as the second highest per capita income II tier city,called the “sugar bowl of India” ,having the maximum amount of Mercedes cars, spinning mills, education center and above all facts, known for its spicy curries and leather footwear. An international Go- carting track,Hill resorts/Amusement park, multiplexes & the other new entrants in the past few months are 3 new malls, Big bazaar,Reliance, and number of residential apartments.

Today kolhapur is emerging as of one of the most progressive III tier cities. Located on the golden quadrangle express way ,with the travel time of major cities like Pune, Bangalore and Mumbai reduced considerably. The Kolhapur airport is being revamped. It will have refueling and night landing facilities with the expansion plan, &  an increased airstrip for Boeing flights too in years to come.

The city is emerging as a new Important IT destination. Research made by  various institutes indicate  that Kolhapur has a very good potential for the growth of IT & BPO’s in years to come.

All major banks have seen this potential growth of Kolhapur. It is the 10th city of choice by Deutsche bank . ITC is planning  a cooperate office, 3-4 star hotels are in the pipeline .Kagal 5 star, MIDC can proudly boast an investment of 5500 crores .With a textile SEZ set up in the adjoining MIDC. Bigger Industrial Houses like Kirloskars, Raymonds, Vardhamans, etc have already established their  production facilities & about 15-20 international companies will start with their production units soon. The foundry cluster is around the corner. For instance, Gremach Infrastructure Equipments and Projects Ltd has already acquired 200 acre of land in the town from the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation for a proposed metal SEZ.

Education has always been in the forefront with 2 international schools functioning. National and International big Giants in IT have signed MOU’s with Shivaji University and other institutes.

This is a big positive change and don’t be left out to be a part of it. Kolhapur is all set to face the challenges of the big world!! Kolhapur as you see has been one of the best kept secret. NOT ANYMORE!

Kolhapur Geographical Location

 

 

Kolhapur is 395 km to the South of Mumbai and 240 km from Pune. It is well connected by air, rail and road.

Kolhapur is situated on the Pune – Bangalore National Highway No. 4. There are State Transport buses regularly from Kolhapur to Mumbai, Panaji, Miraj, Sangli, Pune, Satara, Sawantwadi, Solapur and several other places. The Kolhapur Municipal Transport service operates in the city, suburbs and nearby villages. Taxis and rickshaws are also available round the clock.

Temperature Range (Deg °c) Maximum Minimum
Summer: 34° C 24° C
Winter: 27° C 21° C
Rainfall: 1,932 mm
Clothing: Light woolen clothes required during November to February
STD Code: 0231
Population: 4,93,167 in 2001.
Climate: Tropical
Summer season March – April – May- June
Rainy season June – July – August – September-
Winter – Autum season October – November – December- January- Febuary

Topographical Locations :

Latitude N 16.430
Longitude E 74.140
Height above sea level 574 M.
Average rainfall 1900 mm.
Temperature range 28 to 35
Area 66.82 sqkm.

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